According to CASE Belarus estimates, by the end of 2017 the number of Belarusian labour migrants in the EU was around 100,000 people. This figure covers those who went to the EU for employment and will likely return to Belarus.
As of CASE Belarus calculations, potential losses of GDP caused by labor migration amounted to 2.3% or USD 1.1bn in 2017. The scale of losses is even bigger with we consider migration flows to other countries, mostly Russia. We also estimate that losses of the state pension fund from labour migration to the EU amounted to USD 128.9m (2%) in 2017. Partly the losses are covered by remittances, but only to a limited extent.
The mobility of social security entitlements means legal guarantees that migrants are able to transfer social security contributions from a host country back to home country. This is regulated by bilateral and/or multilateral social security agreements. Today, Belarus has only TWO ongoing bilateral agreements with EU countries: Lithuania and Latvia. THREE more have been signed, but are not binding yet: with Estonia, Czech Republic, and Poland.